Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigenaemia among healthcare worker in a private Nigerian tertiary health institution

  • Charles John Elikwu Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2721-2903
  • Opeoluwa Shonekan Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Emmanuel Shobowale Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Victor Nwadike Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State
  • Babtunde Tayo Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Chika Okangba Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Azubuike Omeonu Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Bibitayo Faluyi Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Ante Ante Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Joy Izang Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • O Adebiyi Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • M Awoseemo Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Lawal Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has long been recognized as an occupational risk for healthcare workers (HCWs) as a result of regular and routine exposure to blood and other body fluids in the course of their duties. The risk of occupational exposure to such infection has been the concerns of HCWs for years. However, there were scarcities of information on frequency of Hepatitis B virus infection in the study area. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigenaemia among Health Care Workers in Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan, Nigeria. A descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted among HCWs from across various occupation categories in the study area between May and June 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect demographics and clinical data. Sample analytical process was carried out using the HBsAg commercially available kits (Genedia, Green Cross, Korea). Of the 100 HCWs enrolled in the study, HBsAg was detected in 7%. The positivity of HBsAg, in this study, was more among males and all were from staff younger than 50 years old. The occupational risk of HBV infection among the HCWs in this study was highest among the cleaning staff followed by nurses and doctors. None was documented among the Medical laboratory Scientists/technicians. The occupation risk of HBV infection among the HCWs in this study was high. Regular Infection prevention and control training is required and HBV vaccine should be more readily available for HCWs by coordinated institutional vaccination programs.

Author Biographies

Charles John Elikwu, Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Consultant Clinical Microbiologist/Infectious Diseases Physician/Infection Preventionist, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Opeoluwa Shonekan, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Lecturer Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Emmanuel Shobowale, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Consultant Clinical Microbiologist/Infectious Diseases Physician Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Victor Nwadike, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State
Consultant Clinical Microbiologist/Lecturer, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Babtunde Tayo, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Lecturer Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Chika Okangba, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Lecture Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Azubuike Omeonu, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Technologist Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Bibitayo Faluyi, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Technologist Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Ante Ante, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Medical Student Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Joy Izang, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Medical Student Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
O Adebiyi, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Medical Student Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
M Awoseemo, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Medical Student Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Ibrahim Lawal, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Medical Student Department of Medical Microbiology, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan Ogun State Nigeria
Published
2016-06-11
Section
Original Articles