A survey of needle sticks and other sharp injuries among dental undergraduate students
AbstractHealth-care workers' (HCWs') including Dental students’ are at occupational risk of exposure to blood-borne viruses (BBV) following needle sticks and sharp injuries (NSIs). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of NSIs among dental students and evaluate the circumstances in acquiring such injuries. A survey was carried out of all clinical dental students in the College of Dentistry, Ajman University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirate (UAE) by means of an anonymous self-administered questionnaire that asked questions on demography, number, type, level of knowledge of inoculation injuries and associated risks of exposure to BBV, management and reporting of such exposures. Of 230 Dental students responded to the questionnaire (response rate of 92 percent), 64 (27.9%) were males and 166 (72.1%) were females, 132 (57.3%) were 4th year students and 98 (42.7%) from 5th year students. Of the total sample, 53 students reported having received an inoculation injury, resulting in a 0.23 sharp injury events per student per year. Recapping a needle, administering local anesthesia and performing scaling and polishing procedures were the most important causes of NSIs among dental students 60.3% (32/53). Despite a comprehensive educational programme and training for dental students, knowledge of inoculation injuries and associated issues remained inadequate. The findings of this study confirm that dental students experience NSIs but are not likely to report them, thus it is important that the principles of infection control training and reporting of all NSIs continue to be emphasized throughout undergraduate dental education.
Copyright conditions: Copyright on any research article in the International Journal of Infection Control (IJIC) is retained by the author(s). Authors grant IJIC permission to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified. IJIC conforms to the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org) as terms and conditions of publishing research articles. In summary, anyone is free: • to copy, distribute, and display the work; • to make derivative works; • to make commercial use of the work; as long as: • the original author must be given credit; • for any reuse or distribution, it must be made clear to others what the license terms of this work are; • any of these conditions can be waived if the authors gives permission. Statutory fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above. Authors' certification: In submitting a manuscript to IJIC, authors are requested to certify that: • They are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements. • They warrant, on behalf of themselves and their co-authors, that: o the article is original, has not been formally published in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration by any other journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights; o they are the sole author(s) of the article and have full authority to enter into this agreement and in granting rights to IJIC are not in breach of any other obligation. If the law requires that the article be published in the public domain, they will notify IJIC at the time of submission; o the article contains nothing that is unlawful, libellous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract or of confidence or of commitment given to secrecy; o they have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the article.